ISEC International Support for Education and Communicationjapanese
   
 

Essentially, the Japanese educational system is composed of six years of elementary school, three years of junior high school, three years of high school, four years of undergraduate(excludes medical and dental courses which require six years) and five years of graduate school. Children attend kindergarten prior to elementary school and students who do not attend university attend either junior college or vocational school for two years after graduating senior high school.

Everyone enters an elementary school at the full age of six, and nine-year education through junior high school is compulsory. The school calendar starts in April and ends in March of the following year.

Besides these institutions in formal school educational system, there are so-called miscellaneous schools and special training schools such as juku, a cram school where students attend after school to prepare for school entrance examination. There is also another institution called yobiko, a prep school for university or college for high school students and for ronin students (those who have failed to pass university entrance exams).